University graduates with STEM qualifications at the undergraduate and postgraduate level report on outcomes after completing their education.
Explore university graduate outcomes data
Compare income, employment status and skill use for women and men with qualifications in STEM fields, non-STEM fields and health fields over different years.
Source: Social Research Centre 2019
In 2018, the median income was the same for both women and men who graduated from ‘Engineering’ and ‘Information technology’ undergraduate university courses and entered the full-time workforce. However, women earned less than men if they graduated from undergraduate courses in the fields of ‘Science and mathematics’ ($60,000 which was $3000 less than men) and ‘Agriculture and environmental studies’ ($55,000 which was $8000 less than men).
The median full-time annual income for people who entered the workforce with an undergraduate university qualification in any field, was $60,000 for women and $63,000 for men.
In 2018, women earned remarkably less when entering the workforce after completing postgraduate coursework in ‘Engineering’ ($79,000 which was $11,000 less than men) and ‘Computing and information systems’ ($76,000 which was $20,000 less than men).
For people who entered the workforce with a postgraduate university qualification in any field, completed by coursework, the median full-time annual income was $79,000 for women and $92,000 for men. For comparison, women and men who completed a postgraduate qualification by research had the same median income in 2018.
For women who entered the workforce full-time with undergraduate university qualifications in ‘Engineering’ and ‘Computing and information systems’, only 14% felt their skills weren’t being fully used in their job, compared to 23% and 26% of men, respectively. In comparison, this was the case for almost a quarter of overall employed women, and approximately one-third of men in these fields. Over one-third of full-time employed women who graduated from the fields of ‘Agriculture and environmental studies’ (35%) and ‘Science and mathematics’ (38%) didn’t feel their skills were fully used in their job. This increased to over half of all employed women who graduated from these fields. Similarly, around one-third of full-time employed men in these fields didn’t feel their skills were fully used in their job, which increased when considering all employed men.
Part-time and under employment
In 2018, a greater percentage of women than men reported working part-time after graduating with a university undergraduate qualification in:
- Science and mathematics (51% of women, 45% of men)
- Engineering (19% of women, 16% of men)
- Agriculture and environmental studies (40% of women, 25% of men)
A greater percentage of women who graduated with undergraduate qualifications in the following fields also reported seeking more work hours in 2018:
- Science and mathematics (24% of women, 22% of men)
- Agriculture and environmental studies (25% of women, 15% of men)
For comparison, 20% of women graduating from all university undergraduate qualifications reported seeking more work hours in 2018.
Understanding the data
The Graduate Outcomes Survey is completed by graduates of Australian higher education institutions approximately 4 months after completion of their courses. It provides information on labour market outcomes and further study activities of graduates. Full‑time employment relates to graduates employed for 35 hours or more per week.
Read more about our methodology and this data.