We are committed to growing Australia's role as a reliable, sustainable and globally competitive minerals supplier. We’re also building sovereign capability through downstream value-adding and manufacturing.

Australia’s mineral resources are among the richest in the world. 

Minerals are naturally occurring, inorganic, solids. There are 3 types of minerals:

  • metals and mineral ores
  • sands
  • gemstones. 

Critical minerals are used to produce the critical technologies vital to modern economies. Like those used in renewable energy and national security.

Read Geoscience Australia's definitions for each mineral.

Regulating minerals

Regulating offshore mineral exploration and mining  

We regulate mineral activity in Australian waters under the Offshore Minerals Act 1994.

Regulating the Ranger Uranium Mine  

Ranger is a uranium mine about 260 kilometres east of Darwin in the Northern Territory (NT).

Taxes, royalties and export controls on minerals and petroleum

Companies that extract mineral and petroleum resources must pay taxes and royalties. Companies who export minerals must meet requirements.

Latest news

Close up image of semiconductor silicon wafer with text ‘Grant opportunity - International Partnerships in Critical Minerals Program – applications now open’.
Critical Minerals Office

$40 million to support critical minerals projects in Australia

International Partnerships in Critical Minerals grants will provide co-funding for Australian projects. Applications now open.
Mine workers talking with mining vehicle in the background
Critical Minerals Office

Critical minerals and rare earths research projects receive $22 million

The Australian Government is funding 3 innovative research projects through the Australian Critical Minerals Research and Development Hub.
A series of shallow metal containers containing brown glass discs
Critical Minerals Office

Updates to Australia’s Critical Minerals List

Australia has updated its list of critical minerals and created a new list of strategic materials.
Minister for Resources Madeleine King addresses the IEA Critical Minerals and Clean Energy Summit in Paris on 28 September 2023. On the left is Ms Victoria Pullen (General Manager, Critical Minerals Office; Chair of the IEA Critical Minerals Working Party) and to the right is Dr Fatih Birol (Executive Director, IEA). Photo credit: International Energy Agency.
Critical Minerals Office

Australia drives global critical minerals policy at international summit

Ministers, industry leaders and civil society meet in Paris to galvanise action on global critical minerals supply chains.
Minister for Resources Madeleine King signs the bilateral agreement with France’s Minister for the Energy Transition, Agnès Pannier-Runacher.
Critical Minerals Office

Australia and France sign bilateral agreement on critical minerals

The Bilateral Dialogue on Critical Minerals signals stronger cooperation between the 2 countries.