We are committed to growing Australia's role as a reliable, sustainable and globally competitive minerals supplier. We’re also building sovereign capability through downstream value-adding and manufacturing.

Australia’s mineral resources are among the richest in the world. 

Minerals are naturally occurring, inorganic, solids. There are 3 types of minerals:

  • metals and mineral ores
  • sands
  • gemstones. 

Critical minerals are used to produce the critical technologies vital to modern economies. Like those used in renewable energy and national security.

Read Geoscience Australia's definitions for each mineral.

Regulating minerals

Offshore mineral exploration and mining  

We regulate mineral activity in Australian waters under the Offshore Minerals Act 1994.

Regulating the Ranger Uranium Mine  

Ranger is a uranium mine about 260 kilometres east of Darwin in the Northern Territory (NT).

Taxes, royalties and export controls on minerals and petroleum

Companies that extract mineral and petroleum resources must pay taxes and royalties. Companies who export minerals must meet requirements.

Latest news

Photo of critical minerals
Critical Minerals Office

Investments to capitalise on Australia’s critical minerals and the global clean energy transition

As part of the 2024-25 May Budget, the Australian Government announced it will invest in a range of measures to secure our critical minerals processing industries.
Illustration shows map of Australia with hotspots.

Investments to map Australian resources that will power our future prosperity

As part of the 2024-25 May Budget, the Australian Government announced it will fund Geoscience Australia to accelerate the discovery of critical minerals, ground water and other resources…
Minister for Resources and Northern Australia with Canadian Minister of Energy and Natural Resources
Critical Minerals Office

Australia and Canada to cooperate on critical minerals

Our two countries will work together to improve supply chain transparency and advocate for robust environmental, social and governance (ESG) credentials in critical minerals markets.
Close up image of semiconductor silicon wafer with text ‘Grant opportunity - International Partnerships in Critical Minerals Program – applications now open’.
Critical Minerals Office

$40 million to support critical minerals projects in Australia

International Partnerships in Critical Minerals grants will provide co-funding for Australian projects. Applications now open.
Mine workers talking with mining vehicle in the background
Critical Minerals Office

Critical minerals and rare earths research projects receive $22 million

The Australian Government is funding 3 innovative research projects through the Australian Critical Minerals Research and Development Hub.