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Gender equality refers to the equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities of girls and boys and women and men.[57]


Equity is fairness of treatment, regardless of gender, according to respective needs. This may include equal treatment or treatment that is different but considered equivalent in terms of rights, benefits, obligations and opportunities.[58] Through gender equity, gender equality is possible.[59]


We take STEM – science, technology, engineering and mathematics – to include the natural, physical and life sciences, mathematics, engineering, ICT and technology related disciplines. However, we recognise that there is no line that clearly divides STEM from non-STEM fields or jobs, and that many different occupations require or make beneficial use of STEM skills. References to STEM do not include or exclude any particular field unless clearly specified.

STEM sector

The STEM sector includes all organisations involved in work, research or education in STEM disciplines, including, but not limited to, universities, vocational education providers, STEM industry and schools.


The term women (including girls for minors) encompasses cisgender (personal gender identity corresponds with sex assigned at birth), transgender, non-binary and intersex persons who identify as women (girls).[60]