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The National Assessment Program – Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) is an annual literacy and numeracy assessment for Australian students in years 3, 5, 7 and 9. It is a point in time assessment to see how each child is progressing against national standards in literacy and numeracy and over time.

Explore interactive data and insights on this page:

NAPLAN assessment scores

Compare NAPLAN numeracy scores across Australia for girls and boys in different year levels, and see trends in mean scores over time.

Source: Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA) 2019

Note: NAPLAN testing did not take place in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Data insights


The national results show that girls had lower mean scores than boys for numeracy throughout years 3, 5, 7 and 9. This has been the case since 2008, when the first NAPLAN tests took place.

In the 2019 national NAPLAN numeracy results, between 95% and 97% of girls achieved scores at or above the minimum standard. This was 1 percentage point higher than boys in each year level. However, across all year groups, a smaller percentage of girls than boys achieved scores at or above the highest band usually achieved in their respective year group.

The 2019 NAPLAN year 7 numeracy results show an increase from 2018 in mean scores for both girls and boys. This resulted in the highest mean score for boys and second highest mean score for girls since NAPLAN began. These results also reduced the difference between girls and boys mean scores from 2018. Girls’ mean scores increased by 7 points compared to an increase of 5 for boys.


The 2019 NAPLAN results for literacy provide context and contrast to the numeracy results. Girls across all year groups outperformed boys in all literacy assessments (grammar and punctuation, reading, writing and spelling). This was the case for all indicators examined.

Across each of the literacy assessment areas:

  • girls achieved higher mean scores
  • a greater proportion of girls scored at or above the minimum standard, compared to boys
  • a greater proportion of girls scored at or above the highest band usually achieved for their respective year group, compared to boys

We haven’t presented literacy results here, but you can find them on the ACARA website.

About the data

Each of the NAPLAN assessment scales describes student achievement from year 3 through to year 9 along a 10 band scale. Using a common scale that spans years 3, 5, 7 and 9 enables the achievement of all students to be monitored. The scale is divided into 10 bands to cover the full range of student achievement in the tests. The bands map the increasing complexity of the skills NAPLAN assesses.

NAPLAN reporting uses 6 bands at each year level. Student achievement usually falls between these ranges.

  • Year 3: bands 1 to 6
  • Year 5: bands 3 to 8
  • Year 7: bands 4 to 9
  • Year 9: bands 5 to 10

Read about our methodology

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