The site selection process for the National Radioactive Waste Management Facility (NRWMF) involved community consultation and technical assessment over 4 years.
We committed to delivering the facility on a site volunteered by the owner, alongside a community that shows broad community support for hosting it.
This process was in line with the National Radioactive Waste Management Act 2012.
We considered 3 sites:
- Wallerberdina, near Hawker in the Flinders Ranges, South Australia
- Lyndhurst, near Kimba in the Eyre Peninsula, South Australia
- Napandee, near Kimba in the Eyre Peninsula, South Australia
In January 2020, the government identified Napandee to host the facility.
Site selection factors
A number of factors informed site selection and will continue to guide the project. Independent regulators will provide approvals across all phases of the project, including siting, design, construction and operation.
Safety and regulations
The nuclear industry is one of the most regulated in Australia. The construction and operation of the facility will follow strict safety and security policies.
The Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA) is the government’s primary authority on radiation protection and nuclear safety. It is responsible for independently regulating the use of radiation by Commonwealth entities including licencing, compliance, inspection and enforcement.
Australia is a member of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The agency sets international standards for safely managing radioactive waste.
The Australian Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Office (ASNO) ensures Australia’s international obligations are met. These obligations fall under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and Australia’s NPT safeguards agreement with the IAEA.
We are committed to protecting and promoting Aboriginal culture and heritage. Independent experts, in consultation with Traditional Owners where possible, have undertaken Aboriginal heritage assessments to identify areas of cultural significance around each site.
Read the cultural heritage assessment reports:
We will work with the Traditional Owners to develop an Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Management Plan for the selected site. The plan will outline initiatives to protect Aboriginal culture and heritage and provide future opportunities.
During the technical assessment phase for each nominated site, we assessed the environmental impact.
Read the site characterisation reports:
The Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment will assess and approve the selected site in accordance with the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.
The facility is designed to ensure environmental safety. We will undertake extensive environmental monitoring of the facility and report the findings.
Social and economic impact
We commissioned an independent study to capture social and economic information about the potential host communities. This baseline information will help ensure opportunities are harnessed and negative impacts avoided or mitigated.
Read the social baseline reports:
We commissioned an independent economic analysis in each community. The analysis included the potential economic impacts on agriculture, employment and property value.
Read the economic impact reports:
Facility land requirements
Following the site characterisation and cultural heritage studies, we identified the need for a larger buffer zone at each site. Following community expressions of interest, we’re also investigating community zone requirements.
Read about facility land requirements including revised estimates and information about each zone.
We sought feedback and advice from the communities involved in the site selection process on key aspects including:
- site design
- environmental monitoring
- business opportunities
We’ve held many information sessions for members of nearby communities, including:
- nuclear production and waste management managers from the ANSTO
- Aboriginal cultural heritage experts
- site suitability experts from Geoscience Australia
- radiation safety experts from Rio Tinto
- experts on nuclear science and medicine
Our consultative committees and Economic Working Groups act as conduits between the department and local communities.
We sought community sentiment through public submissions throughout the site selection process.
In the lead up to the decision, we also facilitated:
- community ballots
- business and neighbour surveys
See how the communities had their say.
Connect with us
- Email firstname.lastname@example.org
- Phone 13 28 46
- Write to us at: Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources; National Radioactive Waste Section, GPO Box 2013, Canberra ACT 2601