Factors we considered in the siting process

We considered factors such as cultural heritage, environment, social and economic impact and facility land requirements.

Several factors informed site identification. Independent regulators provided approvals across phases of the project such as:

  • siting

  • design

  • construction

  • operation.

Cultural heritage

The government recognises and respects that Aboriginal Peoples have an ongoing cultural, spiritual and physical connection to Country. ARWA is committed to working with Aboriginal people to learn, understand and respect cultural heritage values as it relates to our work.

ARWA consulted with Traditional Owners and their representative bodies on developing a Cultural Heritage Assessment for the previously declared site at Napandee.

We used the information from the Cultural Heritage Assessment to inform the development a Cultural Heritage Management Plan. This plan was for the site characterisation activities for the land at Napandee.

Aboriginal Heritage Desktop Assessment Report: Kimba

This independent report contains an Aboriginal cultural heritage assessment of Lyndhurst and Napandee.


During the technical assessment phase for each nominated site, we assessed the environmental impact. This included considering climate, bushfire risk, underground and surface water, land use, flora and fauna.

The Department of Climate Change, Energy, the Environment and Water was due to assess and approve the selected site following the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

Site Characterisation Technical Report: Napandee

This independent report contains a technical assessment of Napandee.

Site characterisation activities

Find out about the site activites we performed at Napandee including flora and fauna, geological and soil studies.

Social and economic impact

We commissioned an independent study to capture social and economic information about the potential host communities. This baseline information helped us make sure opportunities were harnessed and negative impacts avoided or mitigated.

We also commissioned an independent economic analysis for the local Kimba community. The analysis included the potential economic impacts on agriculture, employment, and property value.

Social Baseline Report: Kimba

This independent report provides a socio-economic baseline assessment of Kimba.

Economic Impact Assessment Kimba region

This independent assessment of the Kimba region analyses the economic impact of the proposed facility.

Facility land requirements

Following the site characterisation and cultural heritage studies, we identified the need for a larger buffer zone around the facility.

Facility land requirements

Read about the facility land requirements for the site including the revised estimates and information about each zone.

Public consultation

We consulted with the Kimba community including local:

  • residents
  • landowner
  • business owners
  • traditional owners.

We asked for feedback and advice on key aspects including:

  • site design
  • environmental monitoring
  • jobs
  • business opportunities.

We held many information sessions, including:

Our consultative committees and economic working groups were links between the department and local communities.

We sought community sentiment data through public submissions and surveys throughout the siting process.

National Radioactive Waste Management Facility: public submissions

Read the public submissions on our Consultation hub.

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