The North Bowen and Galilee basins are located in central Queensland. This strategic basin plan concentrates on a defined area. It encompasses Townsville to the north, Mackay to the east, Emerald to the south and Longreach to the west. While the Galilee Basin extends beyond this defined area, the selected region captures the primary gas industry operations in the basin to date. Together, the North Bowen and Galilee basins cover an area larger than New Zealand.
While considered concurrently through this plan, the basins and the communities they host hold important differences. The North Bowen Basin is an established mining region, with commercial activities focused on metallurgical coal and coal seam gas. The Galilee has a number of emerging thermal coal projects, including the Carmichael Mine, which is approaching first coal deliveries, and only early stage gas exploration is underway. North Bowen has larger population centres and higher average per capita incomes than the Galilee. The unifying factor for the two basins is the significant underdeveloped potential for gas and other resources.