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The Workforce Gender Equality Agency reports a range of gender equity indicators on organisations in each industry, each year. This includes STEM-qualified industries.

Explore interactive data and insights on this page:

Gender pay gaps by industry

Compare the gender pay gap by industry in STEM, health and ‘all industry’.


Source: Workplace Gender Equality Agency (WGEA) 2020


Data insights

In 2020, the pay gap between women and men in STEM-qualified industries was 19%. Women earned an average of $28,994 less than men.

Individually, 6 out of the 12 STEM-qualified industries with available data had a smaller percentage pay gap than the 20% average gap across all STEM, non-STEM and health industries. In dollar terms, half of these STEM industries had a higher pay gap than the ‘all industry’ average of $25,534.

In 2020, the STEM-qualified industries with the largest pay gap percentage were ‘Other machinery and equipment manufacturing’ and ‘Architectural, engineering and technical services’. Women earned 24% less than men in both of these industries. However, the pay gap for the ‘Other machinery and equipment manufacturing’ decreased by 3 percentage points from 2019.

The ‘Automotive repair and maintenance’ industry had the smallest pay gap among the STEM‑qualified industries. Women earned approximately 5% less than men in this industry. Although the gap was 4% the previous year, it continued to have the smallest gap of any STEM industry. This industry also had the smallest difference in pay (in dollars) at $5,844.

About the data

Industries within the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industry Classification (ANZSIC) are defined as STEM-qualified when the majority (more than 50%) of people in the industry reported a qualification in a STEM field of education in the 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Data is from non-public sector organisations with 100 or more employees that reported to the Workplace Gender Equality Agency (WGEA).

Data for some industries are not available due to insufficient sample sizes of organisations that reported to the WGEA.

See how WGEA collects data

Read more about our methodology and this data

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