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We regulate greenhouse gas storage in Australian waters under the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006.
Australian waters are the offshore area beyond coastal waters, starting 3 nautical miles from shore.
The Act is supported by 4 greenhouse gas storage regulations:
Our regulatory role includes:
The Regulatory guiding principles for carbon dioxide capture and geological storage sets a consistent national approach to carbon dioxide capture and geological storage.
The Act describes how the petroleum (oil and gas) industry and the GHG industry coexist. In some circumstances, one activity could impact the other. To manage this, the legislation distinguishes between pre-commencement petroleum titles and post-commencement petroleum titles.
Petroleum titles awarded before November 2008, including titles directly derived from these titles, are considered pre commencement titles.
A significant impact test protects the rights of these titles, and activities cannot be approved unless the responsible Commonwealth Minister is satisfied:
All petroleum exploration permits awarded after November 2008, including titles directly derived from these titles, are considered post-commencement titles.
If there is no agreement between a petroleum titleholder and a GHG titleholder, and the two activities cannot co-exist, the responsible Commonwealth Minister makes a decision about which activity should proceed in the public interest. Once granted, the significant impacts test protects the post-commencement petroleum production licence.
For more information please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Australian Government releases offshore areas for greenhouse gas assessment via the offshore GHG acreage release.
The release provides an opportunity for companies to apply for a GHG assessment permit over an area of interest.
The releases are only held when there is sufficient interest, and they usually run for 12 months.
Email email@example.com to register your interest.
Companies granted a GHG assessment permit in the acreage release, can undertake exploration and appraisal activities in their permit area.
Companies that find a suitable site for permanent greenhouse gas storage in their area, must apply for a declaration of GHG storage formation.
Companies with a declared GHG storage formation who aren’t in a position to inject, can apply for a GHG storage holding lease.
Companies wanting to commence permanent injection and storage in a declared storage formation, must apply for a GHG injection licence.
All greenhouse gas activities must have an environment plan assessed and accepted by NOPSEMA before an activity can take place.
There have been 2 greenhouse gas storage acreage release processes.
Last updated: 12 February 2019
Content ID: 46907