Department of Industry,
Innovation and Science - logo
The Research and development (R&D) tax incentive is the government’s key mechanism to stimulate Australian industry’s investment in R&D.
R&D is often the first critical step in innovation, it drives technological improvements which lead to productivity improvements and increased economic growth.
Unfortunately, companies tend to underinvest in R&D for several reasons, including:
This is why the government has a role to play in encouraging industry to invest more in R&D. The tax incentive offers a way for companies to invest in R&D while alleviating some of their initial reasons for not investing.
The tax incentive reduces company R&D costs by offering tax offsets for eligible R&D expenditure.
Eligible companies with a turnover of less than $20 million receive a refundable tax offset, allowing the benefit to be paid as a cash refund if they are in a tax loss position. All other eligible companies receive a non-refundable tax offset to help reduce the tax they pay.
The program is available to companies who are:
Innovation and Science Australia (ISA) and the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) are jointly responsible for administering the tax incentive. Our department assists ISA to register R&D activities, while the ATO manages the rules for eligible entities and costs.
Each year ISA reports on the tax incentive in their annual report.
The tax incentive’s budget impact (the refundable tax offset and the non-refundable tax offset) is reported annually in the science, research and innovation budget tables.
The tax incentive was reviewed as part of the National innovation and science agenda. The Chair of Innovation Australia, the Chief Scientist of Australia, and the Secretary to the Treasury chaired the review panel.
The review looked at ways to improve the tax incentive’s effectiveness and integrity, including how the focus could be sharpened to encourage additional R&D investment.
The government announced its response to the review as part of the 2018–19 Federal Budget, with details of the proposed changes outlined in the Minister’s media release and the Treasurer’s fact sheet.
Draft legislation to implement the Government’s proposed changes has been released for public consultation and you are invited to provide your comments via the Treasury’s consultation page. Submissions close on 26 July 2018.
Read the review of the R&D tax incentive.
Last updated: 14 August 2018
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