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Milestones at 2, 5 and 10 years for space manufacturing have been created to guide the future growth of Australia’s space manufacturing industry. The focus areas of capability have been informed by the phases of the space value chain: design, build, qualify and access space and operate. The goals revolve around Australia’s aim of developing greater access to space, and successfully launching products into space.

Manufacturing sector

  Success at 2 years – by end of 2022 Success at 5 years – by end of 2025 Success at 10 years – by end of 2030
1. Overarching

Increased activities along the entire design, build, qualify and access to space phases, enabling the space manufacturing sector to demonstrate new skills, services, products and solutions.

Increasing number of industry players and participants with commercialisation and translation activities to develop products and solutions that contribute to national and international space missions.

Increased activity on the build, qualify and access to space phase of the space value chain with a growing specialisation in building critical systems and components for space applications.

The space manufacturing sector has developed expertise in providing and producing qualification solutions and products with increasing numbers of manufacturers bringing their projects to market more quickly.

The space manufacturing sector is providing capabilities to support launching products to space.

Increased adoption of Australian space related R&D manufacturing capability.

Australia has capabilities across the design, build and qualify phases and has embraced access to space, with players having specialised capabilities to operate and sustain projects and services in space.

The space manufacturing sector is globally recognised for its quality products and solutions in areas of competitive advantage or strategic interest. Australia’s capabilities are increasingly incorporated in critical missions with Australia increasingly integrated and connected to the global space economy.

The space manufacturing sector is competing globally in specialised small satellite solutions (and associated payloads) with Australia recognised for launch infrastructure and capabilities leveraging its unique location in the southern hemisphere.

The space manufacturing sector has leveraged its capabilities to enter new markets, including in the areas of robotics and automation in space, advanced communications and applying space solutions to the broader economy (e.g. agriculture and disaster management).

2. Lifting space manufacturing capability

Supporting the space manufacturing industry to develop its capabilities and expertise along all phases of the value chain: design, build, qualify, and access space and operate

A growing number of manufacturers will be able to produce products that are ‘flight qualified’ through system testing and demonstration.

Australian space manufacturers will make advances in capabilities to design, build, and qualify for critical space applications including producing products and components, such as small satellites and launch vehicles.

Australian space manufacturers are investigating opportunities to streamline the design, build, and qualify phases by harnessing new technologies, and digitised and data driven systems.

Increasing proportions and numbers of subsystems and components for small satellites and other payloads are being built in Australia by Australian primes and subsystem manufacturers working with Australian OEMs. Existing Australian qualification facilities are seeing an increased demand for tests on Australian subsystems, payloads and systems.

There is increased participation of space industry players, particularly primes and subsystem manufacturers, in early phase studies for national and international space missions. Australian industry is contributing to international missions.

Greater local manufacturing capability of critical and specialist space products with increased demand for qualification facilities and demonstration launches.

Australian space manufacturers will be designing, building, and qualifying critical space applications, such as small satellites, using primarily onshore capabilities. This includes manufacturing a large proportion and quantity of critical components, and assembling payloads in Australia. Some payloads will be sent to space and operated domestically.

Australian space manufacturers are making use of digitised and data driven systems and engineering tools as part of standard business practice. Australian space manufacturers are translating, commercialising, and designing more ideas and products. Australian industry has the capability to produce products domestically for national and international customers and space missions.

There is increased demand for qualification facilities. Australian industry co invests in shared facilities with the Australian Government.

Australian industry will be designing, manufacturing, testing, launching, and operating for critical space applications using principally domestic capabilities. This includes being able to manufacture and then launch small satellites to space, with an initial focus on Low Earth Orbit (LEO), Medium Earth Orbit (MEO), Geostationary Equatorial Orbit (GEO) and beyond, using launches from Australian territory and drawing on vertically integrated supply chains.

Australian space manufacturers will meet emerging critical Australian needs in space as identified by the Australian Civil Space Strategy and associated technology road maps for each National Civil Space Priority Area.

Australian space manufacturers enjoy a strong reputation globally as leaders in commercialising late stage R&D into new products and systems for use in space. They are developing competitive strengths for the nation in emerging domains of space applications.

Whole of industry


Success at 2 years – by 2022

Success at 5 years – by 2025

Success at 10 years - by 2030

Seizing the digital and cyber opportunity

Space manufacturers are adopting the recommendations for cyber security practices identified by AustCyber where necessary.

Space manufacturers serving defence and national security requirements will have cyber security capabilities fully embedded in their operations.

All space manufacturers have cyber security capabilities embedded within their operations. Those serving defence and national security requirements collaborate with government to shape cyber security standards and lift capability.

Lifting space heritage

A growing number of manufacturers will have their technology and products rated at TRL 7 or above, while meeting relevant standards. There will be an increase in the development, prototyping and production of system rated from TRL 4 to TRL 6.

There is increasing emphasis in the Australian space sector on maturing space heritage and demonstrating space qualification in technology manufactured by Australian firms.

Many manufacturers will be producing products and components rated at TRL 8 or above and which meet appropriate standards. Many more will be able to demonstrate uplifting from TRL 3–4 to TRL 6–7.

Demonstration flights, delivered collaboratively by industry and government, will help manufacturers secure and demonstrate space heritage.

Many subsystem manufacturers will be integrating products rated at TRL 8 or above, using components manufactured by OEMs who meet the quality standards required for space‑grade manufacturing. The requirements will flow down from Australian‑based primes with demonstrated space mission capability, or from subsystem manufacturers to OEMs.

Communicating standards

Australian industry consistently manufactures to relevant international standards driven by mission and customer requirements. Primes collaborate with subsystems manufacturers and OEMs to communicate standards.

Manufacturing businesses provide robust on‑the‑job training, informed by licensing regimes. There are clear standards for space manufacturing and activities.

Australia influences international standards to support industry and export growth in space manufacturing.

Diversifying the sector

Non‑space manufacturers are aware of and are considering opportunities to participate in space manufacturing activities.

Global primes play an important role in facilitating connections between Australian industry and international markets.

Many non‑space manufacturers will be actively exploring, if not participating in, space manufacturing activities.

Global and domestic primes actively collaborate with Australian subsystems manufacturers and OEMs to identify market opportunities. More Australian manufacturers have established relationships with global space customers.

Many manufacturers will have a space capability, and recognise themselves as participating in space manufacturing.

The sector is distributed among players of different sizes. Domestic primes provide a pipeline of projects to sustain the Australian space manufacturing ecosystem.



Success at 2 years– by 2022

Success at 5 years–by 2025

Success at 10 years–by 2030

Manufacturing industries

  • Core manufacturing inputs such as space grade printed circuit board (PCB) assembly lines
  • payload capabilities and components including optics and mirrors
  • platform sub-systems
  • Australian CubeSat platforms
  • Australian robotics and automation demonstration platforms for space
  • launch vehicle components.
  • Smallsat platforms with Australian components
  • mission critical avionics
  • robotics and automation subsystems
  • space grade PCB fabrication
  • telescopes and imaging payloads
  • quantum communications payloads
  • optical communication payloads
  • software defined radios
  • optical ground based sensors
  • demonstration launches.
  • Operational national missions with smallsat platforms
  • mission critical subsystems in national and international missions
  • operational payloads to national and international primes.


  • Increased R&D intensity in areas of:
    • advanced composites,  lightweighting and pressure vessels
    • robotics and automation for space
    • quantum communications
    • propulsion and propellant
    • IoT devices for space.
  • increased spin-ins from adjacent sectors into space related to R&D (such as automation from the resources sector)
  • increased spin-in of space-related R&D to prototypes and qualification models.
  • Demonstration of niche Australian capabilities in areas such as robotics and automation, and optical communications on national and international space missions
  • increased intellectual property (IP) generation in the R&D sector pertaining to the space industry in areas such as advanced composites, lightweighting, IoT, propellants and propulsion
  • increased TRL of capabilities in the areas of optical communications, Quantum communications, and earth observation sensors.
  • Ability to undertake and lead large scale missions in areas such as:
    • quantum communications
    • robotics and automation in space
    • IoT satellite platforms
  • Strong pipeline of R&D in areas including propellants, propulsion, advanced composites
  • Visible increase in the adaptation of space generated data in downstream applications.

Benchmarks of success

The Australian Civil Space Strategy will grow and transform Australia’s space industry. It will position Australia to triple the space sector’s contribution to GDP to over $12 billion a year and create up to an additional 20,000 jobs by 2030.

In working towards this objective, key activities identified in the Australian Civil Space Strategy aim to:

  • stimulate at least $1 billion pipeline in inward capital investment in Australia’s space industry between 2019 and 2025, including R&D investment and infrastructure investment
  • achieve year‑on‑year growth of the Australian space industry that exceeds 8.5% per annum
  • achieve year‑on‑year growth of direct and indirect jobs that would meet a target of 20,000 additional jobs by 2030
  • create a regulatory framework that ensures effective, efficient and safe space activities
  • increase awareness of space activities and the impact on the Australian economy, cumulatively reaching at least 10 million Australians per year.

This road map will play a vital role in achieving these objectives. It focuses on creating transformative change in the sector to growth in higher value added activities. It is expected that participants in the Modern Manufacturing Strategy will grow jobs, exports and profits and expand Australia’s space manufacturing capabilities.

As the space industry in Australia is emerging, current data on the space manufacturing sector in Australia is limited. To measure the sector’s progress against the vision set out in the road map, the following may be monitored over 2, 5 and 10 year periods, dependent on data availability:

  • number and value of jobs in space manufacturing
  • new businesses and companies in space manufacturing
  • revenue and investment in space manufacturing
  • increase in profitability
  • increase in export revenue from space products
  • scale of new space manufacturing related products commercialised (including patents/trade marks)
  • number of Australian manufactured space assets
  • spill‑over into other manufacturing sectors.

The government will adopt new and innovative approaches to identify and capture this activity.

Funding available

The Modern Manufacturing Initiative is now open for space manufacturing projects that meet eligibility under its Translation and Integration streams.

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