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The quality and potential of each material stream and its sub-streams varies. Read more about products from recycled feedstock in Growth opportunities.

Material stream recycling rates, by stream

Text version of infographic is provided after image.

This figure shows various waste streams and the proportion of each waste stream that is recycled and non-recycled. This table provides the numbers that the chart is based on, with materials appearing in the chart from left to right.

Material

Proportion recycled

Proportion non-recycled

Batteries

2%

98%

Textiles

7%

93%

E-waste

9%

91%

Plastics

13%

87%

Tyres

35%

65%

Organics

49%

51%

Glass

59%

41%

Paper

60%

40%

Construction & Demolition

76%

24%

Metals

90%

10%

The materials from Batteries to Plastics have been categorized as ‘significant untapped value’.

The materials from Plastics to Paper have been categorized as ‘National Waste Policy and Waste Export Ban driving new domestic investment’.

The materials from Paper to C&D have been described as ‘Well established recycling process, with mature markets for secondary materials’.

There is a table under this chart that provides the corresponding volume generated in 2018-19 for each material stream, as well as potential products that can be made out of these materials.

Material

Volume generated

Potential products

Batteries

3.3 kt

  • ‘Second life’ uses
  • Plastics
  • Metals
  • Chemicals

Textiles

780 kt

  • New garments, carpets and blankets
  • Insulation materials

E-waste

554 kt

  • Silicon
  • Glass
  • Plastics
  • Metals

Plastics

2540 kt

  • See next chart

Tyres

4490 kt

  • Crumb rubber for soft surfacing, asphalt and tile and rubber glue
  • Pyrolysis into fuel

Organics

14300 kt

  • Biofuels
  • Fertiliser
  • Livestock and aquaculture feed
  • Biotextiles
  • Food waste valorisation

Glass

1160 kt

  • Aggregate and fill for asphalt, concrete and roads (from fines)
  • Food and beverage containers (from cullet)

Paper

5920 kt

  • Paper
  • Packaging
  • Toilet paper
  • Egg cartons
  • Cardboard

Construction & Demolition

27000 kt

  • Substitute for virgin crushed rock, asphalt, metals, and timber
  • Low-grade roads
  • Pavement sub-bases

Metals

5600 kt

  • Steel
  • Copper
  • Lead
  • Aluminium

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Plastics recycling rates, by stream

Text version of infographic is provided after image.

This figure shows the various plastic types and the proportion of each type that is recycled and non-recycled. This table provides the numbers that the chart is based on, with plastic types appearing in the chart from left to right.

Plastic type

Proportion recycled

Proportion non-recycled

PVC

2%

98%

PP

9%

91%

PS

12%

88%

LDPE

17%

83%

HDPE

20%

80%

PET

21%

79%

There is a table under the chart that lists some potential products that can be made out of these plastic types.

Plastic type

Potential products

PVC

Pipe fittings, window fittings

PP

Clothing fibres, food containers

PS

Limited packaging use

LDPE

Bin liners, plastic furniture

HDPE

Milk bottles, garden furniture

PET

Drink bottles, textiles

This table also includes two rows that outlines further products that can be made from plastic in general such as:

  • industrial products including outdoor furniture, bollards, fence posts, decking boards, railway sleepers, and pellets which can be used for packaging

If plastics are processed via chemical/feedstock recycling, post-consumer plastic can be used as a direct substitute to virgin plastic.

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