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Regulating Australian fuel quality

Poor fuel quality can damage the environment, vehicles, and our health.

We regulate fuel quality standards to:

  • reduce pollutants and emissions
  • facilitate the adoption of better engine and emission control technologies
  • allow more effective operation of engines

The Australian fuel industry and fuel suppliers must meet legislative requirements:

Our department, together with the National Measurement Institute:

  • sets fuel quality standards and labelling requirements
  • assesses requests to temporarily vary fuel standards
  • monitors fuel standards compliance

Consumer complaints

State and territory governments are responsible for fuel quality consumer complaints and compensation claims. Contact your consumer affairs regulator if you have purchased fuel that you believe has damaged your vehicle:

The Act doesn’t cover consumer protections. Our department cannot assist with compensation claims. We cannot assist with any other alleged consumer issues like damages or loss caused by poor quality fuel.

Making a fuel quality complaint under the national fuel monitoring program

You can contact us if you suspect fuel:

  • has been adulterated
  • doesn’t meet the standards
  • has damaged your vehicle

We keep your information private, and we’ll factor your report into our fuel monitoring program.

To make a fuel quality complaint, please include details about the date, supplier, location, fuel type and email

National fuel monitoring program

Under the Act we monitor fuel quality at a range of sites and locations across the national fuel supply chain. We also monitor fuel suppliers who have received consumer complaints.

Fuel inspectors

Our inspectors may visit a fuel supplier at any time, and on any day of the week to:

  • sample and test fuel
  • assess fuel delivery documentation
  • inspect fuel labels
  • check any other requirements under the Act

The National Measurement Institute also regulates the wholesale and retail sale of liquid fuels. Read about trade measurement inspector responsibilities for selling liquid fuels.

We cannot share information about fuel monitoring activities, including fuel testing results. We do have authority under the Act to share this information with other government agencies. This assists with administrating and enforcing taxation and consumer protection laws.

Fuel quality standards and labelling requirements

The fuel quality standards apply Australia-wide. States and territories can set their own standards in addition to the Australian standards.

See the standards determination for each fuel type. The determinations outline parameter specifications, compliance timeframes (if applicable), and test methods for compliance purposes.


The petrol fuel standard describes the parameters of our two most common grades of petrol, Research Octane Number (RON) 91 and RON 95.

Some additives are not included in this standard:

  • Ethyl tertiary-butyl ether (ETBE)
  • Tertiary amyl methyl ether (TAME)
  • Ethyl tertiary amyl ether (ETAE)

Potential importers or manufacturers of these (and other) additives should contact the National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme to determine if the additive is allowed to be used in Australia.


The diesel fuel standard describes automotive diesel, renewable diesel and synthetic diesel.


The biodiesel fuel standard describes diesel derived from plant and/or animal matter.


The autogas fuel standard describes liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) suitable for motor vehicles.

Ethanol E10

Petrol sold in Australia may contain up to 10 per cent ethanol (‘E10’).

Ethanol E85

The Ethanol E85 fuel standard describes a fuel blend consisting of 70–85 per cent ethanol and 15–30 per cent petrol.

Fuel importers, producers and suppliers annual statements

Under the Act, you must complete an annual statement if:

  • you produce and supply fuel in Australia during the calendar year
  • you import and supply fuel in Australia during the calendar year
  • your fuel is subject to a fuel standard
  • you’re a constitutional corporation or a Commonwealth entity, or you supply fuel in the course of constitutional trade or commerce

Submit your statement

  • Email
  • Write to: Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources, Fuel Policy Section, GPO Box 2013, Canberra ACT 2601

Applications to vary fuel quality standards

Section 13 of the Act allows the Minister (or delegate) to approve the supply of a fuel that varies from the standard. The variation can only apply in specific instances and for a limited time only.

Read about applying for a fuel quality standard variation

Find all approvals granted under section 13 of the Act.

Read more

Contact us

  • Email
  • Phone +61 2 6213 6000
  • Write to us at: Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources, Fuel Policy Section, GPO Box 2013, Canberra ACT 2601

See also

Last updated: 8 December 2020

Content ID: 66373