Air emissions from mining and related activities may affect the environment on a local, regional and global scale. Despite the remoteness of most mines in Australia, many are located near settlements where management of emissions is a vital concern for the miners, their neighbours and regulatory authorities. Although dust is the predominant emission associated with mines, a range of gaseous and particle emissions are associated with mining and other on-site processing activities. This chapter identifies the main emissions issues and their management. (As noted in Section 1.2, this handbook does not address greenhouse gas emissions.)

Unlike other environmental issues, the most effective way to control particulate emissions is to consider the entire process from the pit to the port. This is because any measures taken by the mine to reduce particulate emissions caused by handing of the valuable material at the mine will result in reduced particulate emissions at the port when that treated valuable material is handled there.

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