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Tracking and reporting greenhouse gas emissions
As a Party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement, Australia has made commitments to:
- reduce its greenhouse gas emissions
- track progress towards those commitments
- report each year on Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions
Australian National Greenhouse Accounts
Our department publishes a series of comprehensive reports and databases that estimate, and account for, Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions estimates from 1990 onwards. Together these products comprise the National Greenhouse Accounts.
- fulfil Australia’s international greenhouse gas inventory reporting commitments
- provide the official basis for tracking progress towards, and assessing compliance with, Australia’s emission reduction commitments
- support the design, implementation and evaluation of domestic emission reduction policies
- inform future emission reduction commitments
Australia’s National Inventory Reports
Australia fulfils its international greenhouse gas inventory reporting commitments by submitting annual National Inventory Reports to the UNFCCC.
Emission estimates are compiled consistent with:
- UNFCCC Reporting Guidelines on Annual Inventories and the supplementary reporting requirements under the Kyoto Protocol
- the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2006 Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (the Guidelines)
- the IPCC 2019 Refinement of the 2006 IPCC Guidelines
- the IPCC 2013 Revised Supplementary Methods and Good Practice Guidance Arising from the Kyoto Protocol
- country-specific methodologies consistent with the Guidelines and intended to improve emissions accuracy
Australia mostly uses country-specific methodologies and emissions factors in compiling its National Inventory Reports. The methodologies used to estimate Australia’s inventory have been improved over time and will continue to be refined as new information emerges, and as international practice evolves.
View the National Inventory Reports
National Greenhouse Gas Inventory: Quarterly Updates
Quarterly Updates of Australia’s National Greenhouse Gas Inventory are the most up to date source of information on Australia’s national emissions. They provide a summary of Australia’s national emissions, updated on a quarterly basis. They give timely information to policy makers, markets and the public to demonstrate how Australia is tracking against its targets.
State and Territory Greenhouse Gas Inventories
The State and Territory Greenhouse Gas Inventories provide an overview of annual greenhouse gas emission estimates for each Australian state and territory. These inventories are a disaggregation of the data contained in the National Inventory Report submitted to the UNFCCC each year.
National Inventory by Economic Sector
The National Inventory by Economic Sector provides greenhouse gas emission estimates by economic sector (Australia-New Zealand Standard Industry Classifications (ANZSIC)) rather than by International Panel on Climate Change sector. These inventories are a disaggregation of the data contained in the National Inventory Report submitted to the UNFCCC each year.
Australian Greenhouse Emissions Information System
The AGEIS is an online database that provides detailed greenhouse gas emissions data from the National Greenhouse Accounts—with the exception of Quarterly updates. Data can be queried through a dynamic interface and search function.
Full Carbon Accounting Model
The Full Carbon Accounting Model (FullCAM) is a calculation tool for modelling Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions from the land sector.
FullCAM is used in Australia’s National Greenhouse Gas Accounts for land use, land use change and forestry sectors. Results from modelling are used to produce the annual totals for Australia’s National Inventory Reports. Emissions data (including from the land sector) can be found in the Australian Greenhouse Emissions Information System
National Greenhouse Accounts Factors
The National Greenhouse Accounts (NGA) Factors provides methods to help companies and individuals estimate greenhouse gas emissions. The NGA Factors are not published for the purpose of supporting reporting under the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007
View the National Greenhouse Accounts Factors
National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Scheme
The National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (NGER) scheme is a single national framework for reporting company greenhouse gas and energy production and consumption data. The reported greenhouse gas emissions data are an important input into the preparation of the National Greenhouse Accounts.
Read about the NGER scheme
- Read how we report to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
- Read about Australia’s emissions projections
- See summaries of reporting systems and methods we use to estimate emissions for Australian National Greenhouse Accounts
Last updated: 31 August 2021
Content ID: 67462