On 1 September 2018, the Australian Space Agency signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Centre National d’Études Spatiales (CNES). The agreement helps both countries join forces to develop their space capabilities, particularly in the areas of space operations, space science, Earth observation, positioning system and communications.
Read the full statement below.
The Australian Space Agency (herein referred to as “ASA”), an Agency of the Government of Australia within the Department of Industry, Innovation and Science of Industry House, 10 Binara Street, Canberra City, Canberra, created in July 2018, represented by Dr. Megan Clark, the Head of the Australian Space Agency; and the Centre National d’Études Spatiales (hereinafter referred to as “CNES”), a French scientific and technical public establishment of industrial and commercial nature, established under the provisions of the law 61-1382 dated December 19th 1961, and¬ governed by the provisions of articles L. 331-1 to L. 331-8 of the French Research code, the registered office of which is at 2, place Maurice Quentin, 75039 Paris Cedex 01 France, represented by Dr. Jean-Yves Le Gall, its President,
Hereinafter individually referred to as “Participant” or collectively as “Participants” of this Memorandum of Understanding (hereinafter referred to as “MOU”);
CONSIDERING the joint statement of enhanced strategic partnership between Australia and France signed on 3rd March 2017, in which both Governments express their intention to cooperate more closely in the radio astronomy and space science sectors, building on existing collaboration in relation to exploitation of satellite navigation technologies and satellite imagery for economic and environmental benefit;
RECALLING the Letter of Intent concerning a framework for cooperation in space sector signed between CNES and the Department of Industry, Innovation and Science of Australia (DIIS) on 27th September 2017;
RECALLING the Vision Statement On the Australia-France Relationship by The Honourable Malcolm Turnbull, former Prime Minister Of Australia And His Excellency Emmanuel Macron, President Of The French Republic on the 2nd May 2018 in which the leaders:
RECALLING that ASA has been created on 1st July 2018 and whose purpose is to transform and grow a globally respected Australian space industry and the use of space to lift the broader economy, underpinned by strong national and international engagement;
RECALLING that CNES is the French national space agency, whose mission is to propose to the French Government the orientations of its space policy and to implement the decided programs with its national or international partners;
CONSIDERING that throughout the last two years the Participants have recognised their mutual willingness to cooperate and establish their common interests in the areas of Space Operations, Space Science, Earth Observation, Positioning system and Communications and wish to explore the creation of a mutually beneficial relationship for the purpose of enhancing government programs;
CONVINCED of the benefits that such future cooperation activities can bring to each Participant,
1. The purpose of this MOU is to:
2. All the cooperative activities carried out under this MOU will be conducted on a reasonable effort basis and in accordance with the applicable laws and regulations of the State of each Participant.
1. Cooperative activities within the framework of this MOU may be carried out in the following areas:
2. Additional areas of cooperative activities may be added by mutual written decision of the Participants.
1. Cooperative activities in the areas mentioned in Paragraph 2 of this MOU can be fulfilled in the following forms:
2. Additional forms of cooperation may be identified by mutual decision of the Participants.
In order to coordinate their activities, the Participants will establish the following mechanisms for management of the cooperation:
1. The Participants jointly decide to establish a Joint Steering Committee (hereinafter referred to as “JSC”) to be co-chaired by the President of each Participant or their competent representatives. JSC’s meetings are to be held on an annual basis, on dates and at a time suitable for both Participants, alternately in France and in Australia. They can also be held at any other place approved by the Participants or via teleconference. After each meeting, a report will be drafted by the Participant hosting the meeting and signed by the co-chairs. All decisions of the JSC are to be taken by consensus. They are to be included in the record of the meeting.
The Participants may invite to the JSC, in an advisory capacity, other experts designated by ASA and /or CNES.
2. The JSC is responsible for:
3. The Participants undertake not to disclose to third parties any information exchanged in the context of the JSC which has been identified and marked as being confidential.
1. In order to implement any cooperative activity of common interest in the areas and the forms as referred to in Paragraphs 2 and 3 above, the Participants will negotiate and jointly decide upon Specific Arrangements according to their respective internal rules and procedures. Such Specific Arrangement will refer to this MOU and will set forth inter alia and as appropriate :
2. The cooperative activities carried out under a Specific Arrangement will be performed by the Participants on a reasonable efforts basis.
1. This MOU will not involve any exchange or transfer of funds or payments between the Participants.
2. The activities under this MOU will be subject to the availability of personnel, funds and other resources. Each Participant will be responsible for its own expenditures. This MOU will not be construed to commit any particular expenditures or commitment of resources or personnel.
Release of public information regarding activities under this MOU may be made by the appropriate Participant for its own portion of the activity as desired and, in the event the participation of the other is involved, after suitable consultation.
In the event questions arise regarding the interpretation or application of this MOU or regarding the implementation of cooperative activities carried out under a Specific Arrangement, the issue will be settled by mutual arrangement between the Head of the Australian Space Agency and the President of CNES, except where otherwise decided by the Participants in a Specific Arrangement.
1. This MOU does not create any legal or financial commitments for the Participants.
2. This MOU will be without prejudice to the cooperation of either Participant with other States, Space Agencies or any other entity.
1. This MOU will enter into effect on the date of its signature by the Participants and will remain in effect for an initial period of five (5) years. The MOU will be automatically extended for subsequent five (5) year periods, unless one Participant gives the other Participant a six (6) months written notice of its intention not to extend the Arrangement.
2. This MOU may be terminated at any time by either Participant upon a six (6) months’ notice sent to the other Participant. In that event, the Participants will endeavor to reach an arrangement to minimise negative impacts of such termination.
3. Any modification to this MOU will be determined in writing and signed by an authorized representative of the Participants.
4. Expiration or termination of this MOU will not affect the Participants’ continuing commitments under Paragraphs 7 and 8 above, unless otherwise mutually arranged by the Participants.