Summary of selected commercialisation metrics for Australia, US, Canada and UK 2004-2013

Sources:  AUTM US and Canadian Licensing Activity Surveys, AUTM Statistics Access for Tech Transfer (STATT) Database, UK Higher Education - Business Community Interaction Survey.  For further information, see the methodology on international data comparison.

Note:  (-) data not available.  The figures in these tables may differ from previous NSRC reports due to the use of the latest US$ Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) and the some of the data from the sources have been revised.

Table 3a: Resourcing and Commercialisation - Commercialisation FTE per Institution (No.)

  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Australia 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.9 10.5 11.2 10.8 11.0 9.5 12.0
Canada 8.3 7.8 7.9 9.1 9.9 9.5 8.9 9.1 9.5 8.8
United Kingdom 14.1 17.1 21.6 24.0 25.0 25.1 25.7 26.5 27.5 -
United States 8.3 8.9 9.6 9.9 11.0 11.6 11.8 11.7 11.8 11.6

Table 3b: Intellectual Property Activity - Invention Disclosures per $US100m Research Expenditure

  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

Australia

26.5

26.8

26.3

25.6

25.3

25.1

28.0

27.9

22.1

23.6

Canada

39.5

41.0

39.3

43.6

40.5

39.5

34.7

38.9

39.5

43.2

United Kingdom

49.2

53.1

52.0

48.1

41.8

40.8

45.8

46.6

45.0

-

United States

40.8

41.1

41.6

40.6

38.7

37.6

35.0

35.8

37.3

36.9

Table 3c: United States Patents Issued per $US100m Research Expenditure (No.)

  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Australia 5.3 2.3 2.6 1.7 1.4 1.5 1.9 1.9 1.8 2.0
Canada 4.5 4.1 3.1 3.9 2.7 2.5 2.9 3.9 4.0 5.3
United Kingdom 11.6 8.9 9.0 7.9 7.1 8.6 8.2 9.0 10.0 -
United States 8.9 7.7 7.2 7.4 6.3 6.3 7.6 7.7 8.1 8.8

Table 3d: Licensing Activity - LOAs Executed per $US100m Research Expenditure (No.)

  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Australia 10.6 11.6 12.5 11.9 9.2 8.9 8.4 8.1 7.4 10.1
Canada 16.4 16.3 12.0 16.0 14.1 14.2 10.8 12.3 12.1 9.5
United Kingdom 34.1 41.5 45.6 42.5 48.9 50.1 55.2 77.8 95.0 -
United States 11.6 11.7 10.9 10.5 9.9 9.9 9.1 9.9 10.0 10.0

Table 3e: Ratio of LOA Income to Total Research Expenditure (%)

  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Australia 1.3 1.4 2.2 3.5 1.5 4.1 2.0 1.5 3.7 1.4
Canada 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.0
United Kingdom 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4 2.1 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.3 -
United States 3.6 5.0 4.8 4.9 6.6 4.3 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.2

Table 3f: Start-up Company Activity - Start-up Companies Formed per $US100m Research Expenditure (No.)

 

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Australia

0.9

1.0

0.9

0.8

0.3

0.5

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.4

Canada

1.4

1.0

0.8

1.1

0.9

1.0

1.0

1.5

1.3

1.5

United Kingdom

2.4

2.9

3.1

2.9

2.1

2.6

2.9

2.1

1.6

-

United States

1.1

1.2

1.2

1.1

1.1

1.1

1.1

1.1

1.1

1.3