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Explore STEM-qualified occupation data

Compare the number of women and men working in STEM occupations, non-STEM occupations and health occupations over different years.

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2019

Data insights

From 2009 to 2019 women’s participation in STEM-qualified occupations increased by 3 percentage points, from 11% to 14%. The number of women in these occupations has increased from approximately 139,000 in 2009 to 208,000 in 2019.

For comparison, women comprised almost 50% people in non-STEM occupations since 2009.

Over this period, the proportion of women in university STEM-qualified occupations has increased from 19% to 22%, while the proportion of women in mixed STEM-qualified occupations has increased from 19% to 21%.

Occupations with a majority of its workforce VET STEM-qualified consistently had extremely low gender balance. Women comprised only 2% of this group in 2009, increasing by 1 percentage point by 2019, with the number of women increasing from approximately 15,000 to 22,000.

Understanding the data

The number of people in displayed occupations have been determined by an average of the 4 quarters reported by the Labour Force Survey for each year. The numbers determined through this method have not been rounded due to small numbers in some fields.

STEM-qualified occupations are defined by identifying occupations in which the majority of people reported a qualification in a STEM field of education in the 2016 Census of Population and Housing.

Occupations are analysed using the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) at a 4-digit level. Occupations are further classified by the source of the majority of participants’ qualifications—university, VET, or a combination of both (mixed).

View the ABS Labour Force Explanatory notes.

Read more about our methodology and this data.