Main navigation
Main content area

The National Assessment Program – Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) is an annual literacy and numeracy assessment for students in years 3, 5, 7 and 9 throughout Australia.

Explore NAPLAN data

Compare NAPLAN numeracy scores across Australia for girls and boys in different year levels, and see trends in mean scores over time.

Source: Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA) 2018

Data insights

Focusing on the mean scores for each year group, the national results have shown that girls had lower mean scores than boys for numeracy throughout years 3, 5, 7 and 9. This has been the case since 2008, when the first NAPLAN tests took place.

In the 2018 NAPLAN test results, 96% of girls and 95% of boys achieved scores at or above the minimum standard expected in numeracy.

However, across all year groups, a smaller percentage of girls than boys achieved scores at or above the highest band usually achieved for their respective year group.

Understanding the data

Each of the NAPLAN assessment scales describes student achievement from year 3 through to year 9 along a ten-band scale.

The use of a common scale that spans years 3, 5, 7 and 9 enables the achievement of all students to be monitored. Each scale is divided into ten bands to cover the full range of student achievement in the tests. The bands map the increasing complexity of the skills assessed by NAPLAN.

Read about our methodology.

Six of the bands are used for reporting student performance at each year level:

  • Year 3 report shows bands 1 to 6
  • Year 5 report shows bands 3 to 8
  • Year 7 report shows bands 4 to 9
  • Year 9 report shows bands 5 to 10