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Vocational education and training (VET) graduates with STEM qualifications report on outcomes after completing their education.

Explore VET graduate outcomes data

Compare income, employment outcomes and training relevance for women and men with qualifications in STEM fields, non-STEM fields and health fields over different years.

Source: National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER) 2020a

Data insights

Income

In 2019, women who graduated from STEM vocational education and training (VET) courses and entered the full-time workforce earned a lower median income than men in all STEM fields. Women’s full-time median incomes in STEM fields were:

  • Agriculture, environmental and related studies—$47,000 ($8000 less than men)
  • Engineering and related technologies—$57,000 ($11,000 less than men)
  • Information technology—$52,000 ($1000 less than men)
  • Natural and physical sciences—$44,000 ($15,000 less than men)

For people entering the workforce from all VET fields of education, the median full-time annual income was $51,000 for women and $65,000 for men.

Training relevance

In 2019, when considering the relevance of their training to their jobs:

  • 72% of women who graduated from a ‘Natural and physical sciences’ VET course reported their training to be relevant (‘have high relevance’ or ‘have some relevance’) to their job, compared to 70% of men
  • 67% of women who graduated from an ‘Information technology’ VET course reported their training to be relevant to their job, compared to 60% of men
  • 71% of women who graduated from an ‘Engineering and related technologies’ VET course reported their training to be relevant to their job, compared to 84% of men
  • 69% of women who graduated from an ‘Agriculture, environmental and related studies’ VET course reported their training to be relevant to their job, compared to 85% of men

For comparison, approximately 80% of women and men who graduated across all VET fields of education reported that their training was relevant to their job.

Improved employment outcomes

In 2019, a smaller percentage of women than men who graduated from 3 of the 4 VET STEM fields (‘Agriculture, environmental and related studies’, ‘Engineering and related technologies’ and ‘Information technology’) reported improved employment outcomes (gained employment or employed at higher skill level).

A larger percentage of women (57%) than men reported improved employment outcomes following completion of a VET course in ‘Natural and physical sciences’. Women (and men) who graduated from ‘Information technology’ VET courses reported the lowest improvement. Only 36% of women who completed ‘Information technology’ VET courses reported improved employment outcomes.

For comparison, 63% of women and 69% of men graduating from all VET courses reported improved employment outcomes in 2019.

Understanding the data

The National Student Outcomes Survey is an annual survey of students who completed their vocational education in Australia during the previous calendar year. The survey data in the visualisation covers students who have an Australian address as their residential address who are awarded a qualification (graduates). The survey collects information on VET students’ reasons for training, their employment outcomes, satisfaction with training and further study outcomes.

View NCVER’s VET statistics explained.

Read more about our methodology and this data.