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Term Definition
Battery electric vehicle (BEV) An electric vehicle that exclusively uses chemical energy stored in rechargeable battery packs to power at least one electric motor with no secondary source of propulsion.
Biofuels Biofuels are a class of renewable energy derived from living materials. The most common transport biofuels are ethanol, biodiesel and renewable diesel.
Charging The process of restoring electrical energy in a battery or a battery-operated vehicle by connecting it to a power supply.
Charging blackspot An area that does not have convenient access to public charging stations.
Conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicle A vehicle with only an internal combustion engine system.
Fleet vehicle A vehicle owned or leased by a business.
Green Vehicle Guide The Australian Government website that provides information about the environmental performance of new light vehicles sold in Australia. 
Heavy duty vehicle A vehicle of over 4.5 tonnes gross vehicle mass.
Hybrid vehicle A hybrid vehicle combines a conventional internal combustion engine system with a battery electric propulsion system (hybrid vehicle drivetrain). The batteries in a hybrid vehicle are recharged by its on-board engine and generator only.
Hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) An electric vehicle that uses electricity from a fuel cell powered by compressed hydrogen, rather than electricity from batteries.
Light commercial vehicle Motor vehicles constructed to carry goods or specialised equipment that are less than or equal to 3.5 tonnes gross vehicle mass, such as utility vehicles, panel vans, cab chassis vehicles and goods vans.
Light vehicle A vehicle of up to 3.5 tonnes gross vehicle mass.
Low emission vehicles For the purposes of the strategy, the term ‘low emission vehicles’ includes battery electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles.
Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) A hybrid electric vehicle whose battery can be recharged by plugging it into an external source of electric power, as well as by its onboard engine and generator.
Public charging Electric vehicle charging at facilities that are available to the general public, as opposed to private charging facilities with limited access.
Vehicle-to-grid The concept of discharging an electric vehicle’s battery in order to serve a secondary, supportive purpose for the management of the electricity grid.
Zero emission vehicles Vehicles that are able to operate with zero tailpipe emissions. Lifecycle emissions depend on the emissions intensity of the electricity or fuel supplied to the vehicle.