Earth observation scientists use satellite and other data to monitor the lifecycles of the Earth from above.
Space offers a great vantage point to see what’s happening here on Earth. Information about the meteorological, ecological and seismic conditions on Earth and in our atmosphere can be gathered from space. Earth observation scientists take this information from satellites and interpret it to see how the Earth is changing.
Cameras and human eyes are limited. Space technology has the advantage of being able to detect things like waveforms and temperature changes. Earth observation scientists put the right measurements and data together to create scientific reports.
Earth observation scientists combine data science skills with their knowledge in earth sciences like geography, oceanography and meteorology. Sometimes they use technologies like machine learning used to search for patterns too complex for a human to spot.
Most Earth observation scientists would start by studying a Bachelor of Science, majoring in a field such as:
- Earth Science
- Environmental Science
- Oceanography/Marine Science
- Geospatial Science
Studies in data science are also helpful.
The following universities offer undergraduate study options specifically related to the space industry which may be relevant:
- Swinburne University's Space Technology minor, which is available to undergraduate students in any degree
Almost all universities in Australia offer degrees in relevant areas of science. Visit individual university websites for more information.
At the postgraduate level, the following courses may be relevant to becoming a space scientist:
- The International Space University’s Southern Hemisphere Space Studies Program. This program forms the first part of the University of South Australia’s Graduate Certificate of Space Studies
Postgraduate qualifications by coursework or research in relevant areas of science may also be relevant. Visit individual university websites for more information.