The Australian Government's National Innovation and Science Agenda identified innovation and science as two of the critical elements for Australia to deliver new sources of growth, maintain high‑wage jobs and seize the next wave of economic prosperity. Science plays an important role in today's workforce, and will become increasingly important to opportunities for job creation in the future.

The government’s National Science Statement sets out its vision for an Australian society engaged in and enriched by science. Government and industry will increasingly look to scientific knowledge and skills to meet national and local needs.

This section of the Industry Monitor measures Australia’s performance in the science field, including how we perform in secondary and tertiary education, and workforce participation.

Infographic highlighting key findings from science data. 39, 065 researchers were devoted to R&D IN 2014–15. There was 44,000 science and engineering publications in 2015. 54% of science and mathematics graduates were employed 4 months after graduation. 82% were employed 3 years after graduation. For more information see the Industry Monitor 2017.